Michael Faraday Biography PDF Free Download Michael Faraday was a pioneering scientist who made significant contributions to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He was born on September 22, 1791, in Newington Butts, London, England, the son of a blacksmith. Faraday received very little formal education, but he was a voracious reader and taught himself science by reading books and attending lectures.
Faraday began his career as an apprentice to a bookbinder, where he had access to a wide variety of books on science. It was here that he developed his love for science and his desire to understand how the world worked. In 1812, Faraday attended a lecture by Humphry Davy, a renowned chemist and physicist, which sparked his interest in the field of electromagnetism. He sent Davy a letter asking for a job as his assistant, and in 1813, Davy hired Faraday as his assistant at the Royal Institution in London.
Michael Faraday Biography PDF Free Download
During his time at the Royal Institution, Faraday worked on various experiments and research projects. He discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction, which states that a changing magnetic field can induce an electric current in a nearby conductor. This principle is the basis for the operation of many electrical devices, including generators and transformers.
Faraday also discovered that a current flowing through a wire can create a magnetic field around the wire, and that a changing magnetic field can cause a current to flow in a nearby wire. These discoveries laid the foundation for the field of electrodynamics, which is the study of the interaction between electric currents and magnetic fields.
Faraday also conducted extensive research on electrochemistry. He discovered that when an electric current is passed through a solution, it causes a chemical reaction to occur.
This discovery led to the development of the field of electrochemistry, which is the study of the relationship between electricity and chemical reactions. Faraday also discovered that when a current is passed through a solution, it causes the solution to become Polarised, meaning that the ions in the solution become aligned with the electric field. This discovery is the basis for the modern understanding of electrolysis, the process of using an electric current to cause a chemical reaction.
Faraday was also a skilled experimenter and was known for his ability to design and build his own apparatus. His work with electromagnetic induction led to the invention of the first electromagnetic generator, which he called the “Faraday disk”.
This device was a simple electric generator that could convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. Faraday’s invention of the electric generator had a major impact on the future of technology, as it made it possible for electricity to be generated on a large scale, which opened the door for the widespread use of electric power.
Michael Faraday Biography PDF Free Download Faraday’s work also influenced other scientists and engineers. His work on electromagnetic induction was a major influence on the work of James Clerk Maxwell, who formulated a set of equations that describe the behavior of electric and magnetic fields, and the properties of electromagnetic waves. These equations, known as Maxwell’s equations, are considered to be one of the most important scientific discoveries of the 19th century.
Despite his many scientific achievements, Faraday was a humble man who never sought fame or fortune. He devoted his entire life to science and never married. Faraday died on August 25, 1867, at the age of 75, and was buried at Highgate Cemetery in London.
He left behind a legacy of scientific discoveries that have had a profound impact on the world. Faraday’s work on electromagnetism and electrochemistry laid the foundation for many of the technological advances of the 19th and 20th centuries, and his contributions to science continue to be studied and celebrated to this day.
Michael Faraday Biography PDF Free Download
Michael Faraday Biography PDF Free Download In addition to his scientific accomplishments, Faraday was also a skilled communicator and teacher. He gave a series of highly popular and influential lectures on science, known as the “Christmas Lectures,” at the Royal Institution, which were attended by both the general public and prominent scientists of the time. He believed that it was important for everyone to have access to scientific knowledge and he made a point to present his ideas in a way that was accessible to the general public.
Faraday’s work and discoveries were also recognized by many organizations and institutions. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1824 and was awarded the Royal Society’s prestigious Copley Medal twice, in 1831 and 1846. He was also elected as a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Paris, and received an honorary degree from the University of Oxford.
In today’s world, Faraday is often considered to be one of the greatest experimentalists in the history of science. He was a master at constructing and using apparatus to make precise measurements, and his work on electromagnetic induction led to the development of many important technologies, including the electric generator and the electric motor. His work also helped to bridge the gap between the fields of electricity and magnetism, and laid the foundation for our modern understanding of electromagnetic waves and the nature of light.
Faraday’s legacy can be seen in the many technologies that we use today, including electric motors, generators, and transformers, which are all based on the principle of electromagnetic induction that he discovered. Faraday’s influence on science and technology is still felt to this day, and his name is honored by many institutions, including the Faraday Society, the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion, and the Faraday Medal of the Institute of Physics.
In short, Michael Faraday was a brilliant and pioneering scientist, who through his tireless experimentation, observation and curiosity, has made outstanding contributions in the field of Electromagnetism, Electrochemistry and Electrodynamics. His work has helped pave the way for many of the technologies and innovations that we take for granted today and his legacy will be everlastingly remembered as a towering figure in the history of science.
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